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Classifications / Abbreviations

Bird Classification

In this guide there are six basic categories of classification for birds as follows:

  1. Waterbirds – Birds that are ecologically dependent on aquatic habitats to complete portions of their life cycle. Includes colonial-nesting herons, ibis, egrets, pelicans, cormorants, grebes, and gulls, as well assecretive marsh birds (rails and bitterns).
  2. Waterfowl – Birds that spend a large portion of their lives in wetlands, in or at the edge of lakes, rivers or streams. Applies to ducks, geese and swans. Most species migrate seasonally and are traditionally harvested.
  3. Shorebirds – Long-legged waterbirds adapted to live and forage along the shores and mudflats of coastal or inland waters, such as sandpipers, plovers and curlews. Members of this group are highly migratory.
  4. Raptors – Birds of prey, such as hawks, eagles, falcons, vultures and owls. As predators, most rators kill other verebrates for their food.
  5. Upland birds – Gamebirds found in upland terestrial habitats. Includes grouse, quail, turkeys, partridges, pheasants, as well as pigeons and doves.
  6. Songbirds – Small perching birds that have a melodious song or call. Includes trushes, warblers, finches, sparrows and wrens. Although technically not songbirdss, woodpeckers are included in this category for the purpose of this guidebook.

Abbreviations

For brevity's sake you'll find we'll drop the following monikers now and again:

  1. 4x4 – Four-Wheel Drive
  2. ACE – US Army Corps of Engineers
  3. Ave – Avenue
  4. Blvd – Boulevard
  5. BLM – US Bureau of Land Management
  6. CG – Campground
  7. CDA – Coeur d'Alene
  8. Ck – Creek
  9. CR – County Road
  10. Ct – Court
  11. IDOT – Idaho Department of Transportation
  12. Dr – Drive
  13. E – East
  14. Fk – Fork
  15. FR – Forest Service Road
  16. Ft – Fort
  17. GMA – Game Management Area
  18. HQ – Headquarters
  19. Hwy – Highway
  20. ID – Idaho
  21. IDFG – Idaho Department of Fish and Game
  22. IDPR – Idaho Department of Parks and Recreation
  23. Jct – Junction
  24. L – Left
  25. Ln – Lane
  26. Mtn – Mountain
  27. Mi – Mile
  28. mp – Milepost
  29. N – North
  30. NPS – National Park Service
  31. NWR – National Wildlife Refuge
  32. Pt – Point
  33. R – Right
  34. Rd – Road
  35. Rec – Recreation
  36. Res – Reservoir
  37. rr – Railroad
  38. RS – Ranger Station
  39. S – South
  40. SP – State Park
  41. St – Street
  42. TNC – The Nature Conservancy
  43. Tr – Trail
  44. USBR – US Bureau of Reclamation
  45. USFS – US Forest Service
  46. USFWS – US Fish and Wildlife Service
  47. W – West
  48. WMA – Wildlife Management Area

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