You are correct. Turkey can not lawfully be hunted with a .22 LR. On page 18 of the Upland Game, Furbearer and Turkey Regulation Brochure it lists some of the rules that apply to the hunting of upland game birds. Turkeys are classified as an upland game bird. The only firearm that is allowed for use in the taking of turkey is a shotgun using shells not exceeding 3 1/2 inches maximum length.
All of Idaho Fish and Gameâ€™s wildlife harvest statistics are estimated from surveys of hunters.
We get the most questions about deer or elk. I think this is what you are asking about. For deer, elk, and pronghorn, each hunter is required to fill out a Hunter Report form, either online or by phone. Statistics are used to estimate the number of animals harvested, because not all hunters file their report. The number harvested is broken out in 1400 different ways, by zones, by units, by weapons, by controlled hunts, etc. In 2014, about 170,000 hunters bought tags to hunt these species.
From the Hunter Reports, we calculate the number who hunted in each area, the number of animals harvested, the success rate, as well as a breakdown of the harvest by sex, antler size, weapon used, deer species, number of days hunted, and harvest date.
There is a lot of high-powered computer analysis used, but we are not using computer â€œmodelsâ€� to estimate what the harvest is. The data only come from the hunters who file their reports, but we are not predicting something about those who do not file reports. The harvest estimates are then put on the web site, where both biologists and hunters can use them in planning next yearâ€™s hunting.
In contrast, for moose, mountain goats, bighorn sheep, black bears, mountain lions, and wolves, any hunter who harvests an animal is required to bring the carcass in for inspection, measurement, and tagging. For these species, the number harvested is taken directly from these carcass inspections.
For all other small game species, survey questionnaires are sent to a random sample of hunters who purchased the appropriate tags. We sell licenses to about 250,000 hunters that allow hunting for most of these small-game species. Questionnaires are sent to between 3,000 to 8,000 of these hunters for each type of hunting. Their answers about hunting and harvesting are used to extrapolate to all the hunters who purchased. These species include snow geese, turkeys, sandhill cranes, sage and sharp-tailed grouse, forest grouse, quail, chukars, huns, pheasants, cottontail rabbits, and snowshoe hares.
We also sometimes use these same hunter questionnaires to ask the hunterâ€™s opinion on a few questions, such as about proposed rule changes or about the quality of the hunting season. Thank you for asking about our survey methods.
There is nothing in Idaho Fish and Gamecode or rule that prohibits the feeding of games birds. However, it is prohibited by rule to hunt upland game birds by use of bait, which is defined as "any substance placed to attract upland game birds". Also, keep in mind that overcrowding issues can develop by feeding wild animals, which can cause unintentional problems.
I can answer one of those species pretty simply - there are no pheasants that I know of on Red Ridge.
However, it is likely that there are grouse - perhaps blue (now called dusky) grouse and/or ruffed grouse. There may be cottontails, although snowshoe hares are likely more common. And there are likely some turkeys, although probably in low numbers.
If you have any other questions, you can ask them here or call me at the McCall office: 634-8137.
Yes, you can still hunt chukars during the first five days of the pheasant season. The code only specifies pheasant. Here is a copied and pasted section from 36-407:
(e)Nonresident Small Game Hunting License. A license issued only to a person twelve (12) years of age or older, entitling the person to hunt upland game birds (to include turkeys), migratory game birds, upland game animals, huntable furbearing animals, and unprotected and predatory wildlife of this state. A person holding this license shall purchase the appropriate required tags and permits, and may not hunt pheasants in an area during the first five (5) days of the pheasant season in that area. A license of this type may be had upon payment of a fee as specified in section 36-416, Idaho Code.
No...the bag and possession limits for turkeys state that:
The daily bag limit is one bearded turkey per day in the spring and one turkey (either sex) per day in the fall, except in Units, 1, 2, 3 and 5 where 5 turkeys (either sex) may be taken in a day during fall seasons. No more than two bearded turkeys may be taken per spring. The most tags one hunter may possess in one year is six.
Turkey distribution in Unit 73 is patchy and linked to available forage and water, which may vary from year to year. A good place to start hunting for turkey in this unit may be the Malad face near a couple of feed lots south of Malad. Turkeys have also been observed near Weston Reseroir and Wood Canyon in the past. Good Luck